KNEE REPLACEMENT OPERATION

Knee replacement is performed when you suffer from osteoarthritis and severe injury. During knee replacement the damaged knee caps are removed and replaced with the metal and plastic caps are formed to place at the end of the bones, to make joint assisting with a knee cap called “patella” on top. The procedure takes three to four hours to get complete.

Knee replacement operation or knee arthroplasty is performed when a person has to recover from the severe pain of rheumatoid arthritis, pain in the knee when you met with any accident causing knee injury, limited movements, etc.

The different test which your knee surgeon will ask you to submit before starting arthroscopic knee surgery, involves clinical examinations, MRI, X-ray, urine analysis, blood test, arthroscopy, etc.

Knee Replacement operation procedure is a widely used surgical technique where resurfacing of the damaged knee performed by placing metal and plastic caps in the knee joint accompanied by knee cap.

FAQs

General FAQs of Knee Replacement

When a patient has prolonged arthritis or any knee injury, then knee surgeon will suggest you undergo knee replacement operation.

Knee Replacement operation procedure is recommended when the following conditions occur:

  • The arthroscopic knee surgery is recommended to patients suffering from severe knee injury caused by hitting during sports, or when someone gets injured by falling from a height.
  • Osteoarthritis, degenerative disease is occurring in the knee joint and mainly affecting the age group of 50-80 years, where the breakdown in the joint cartilage and adjacent bones of the knee occurs.
  • Rheumatoid arthritis is another severe case where the synovial membrane gets affected.
    The synovial membrane is responsible for lubrication while walking, and when the synovial fluid metabolism increases in excess amount, it leads to pain and stiffness in the joint. Traumatic arthritis occurs due to severe damage in the knee cartilage, which leads to Knee Replacement Surgery to control knee pain.

Doctors state that the most common reasons for Knee Replacement Surgery are as follows:

  • Arthritis, mainly osteo and rheumatoid
  • Haemophilia
  • Gout
  • Bone dysplasia i.e., unusual bone growth
  • Avascular necrosis i.e., bone tissue death due to blood supply interruption
  • Severe knee injury
  • Loss of knee cartilage
  • Knee deformity

The tests required to be done before the Knee Replacement operation procedure are as follows:

  • Physical diagnosis
  • Anaemia check
  • Certain Blood tests
  • Urine analysis
  • Coagulation test to check if the patient is haemophilic
  • Baseline metabolic tests
  • Different cardio related tests
  • X-ray
  • MRI
  • Total Knee Replacement Surgery (TKR): A deep incision is made in the skin from the centre of the knee until joint capsula is exposed and knee joints present in both of the sides is replaced with the metal and plastic parts. Surgeons do apply a medicated plaster on the knee and adjust the same with different ortho tools which helps the knee to bring back in its original position.
  • Partial Knee Replacement Surgery (PKR): In this technique, small knee surgery is performed where a deep incision is made in the skin on one side of the knee as only one side of the knee joint required replacing with new metallic and plastic parts accompanied by knee cap to cover it. Partial Knee Replacement Surgery is a small surgery and does not take much time.

After surgery, the patient needs to take care of safety, comfort, and recovery purpose. Post Knee Replacement operation care is as follows:

  • Prescribed medicines to be taken on time.
  • Knee surgeons suggest proper rest for the quick recovery.
  • Our experts will suggest exercise programs for the flexible knee movement.
  • Whenever required, if a follow-up or check-up is recommended, the patient has to visit the doctors to avoid any loss.
  • Avoid water contact post-surgery.
  • No heavy or light weight lifting to avoid any knee pain.
  • The patient can lead a healthy life after four to six weeks.
  • After Knee Replacement Surgery, a patient is given walker or stick, which helps him to move slowly and gradually, to avoid any further damage.
  • Athletes can gain proper heights after the surgery after a few weeks.

Benefits of Knee Replacement Surgery are:

  • The patient gets quick discharge from hospital after Partial Knee Replacement Surgery and can easily enjoy working in just a couple of weeks.
  • Our surgeons suggest that if after surgery patient want to increase life expectancy, then he/she should follow a healthy lifestyle.
  • Quick recovery just after surgery in Partial Knee Replacement Surgery.

Knee replacement costs will be $4,200-$5,000 approximately.

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