Oncology is the study and treatment of different types of tumours or cancer present in any site of the human body. The doctor who works in the field of oncology is known as an oncologist. Oncologist diagnoses cancerous tumours present in any body part and then starts its medication and surgical procedure depending upon the stage of cancer.
The major symptoms of cancer which oncologist may find includes unexplained loss of weight, severe pain, fatigue, constant fever, change in skin colour, and few more. Cancer in any body part also affects the immune system.
The different tests which your oncologist will suggest you submit before undergoing oncology treatment include blood cancer marker, Pet CT Scan, CT scan, biopsy, and few more.
The treatment of oncology can be performed by using few techniques depending upon the stage and cancer site, which includes chemotherapy, cancer surgery, radiation therapy, hormone therapy, stem cell therapy, and many more.


General FAQs of Oncology

The different causes of cancer are:

  • Genetic factors
  • Environmental exposure
  • Working with
  • carcinogenic agents
  • Predatory lifestyle
Anyone can get cancer at any age, but the risk is more with age.
Generally, when the cancer is at stage 1, then cancer surgery is recommended.
Cancer treatment depends upon the stage and sessions of chemotherapy, radiation therapy, hormone therapy, etc. and cancer surgery. It can be up to 2-3 months, depending upon the type of cancer and its treatment.
Depending upon the medical condition, your cancer treatment specialist may prescribe you medicines, if required.
Yes, it may cause cancer.
No, all are not cancerous.

Cancer can be treated by using different techniques, which are as follows:

  • Chemotherapy
  • Radiation therapy
  • Hormone therapy
  • Cancer surgery
  • Immunotherapy
  • Targeted therapy
  • Stem cell transplant
Chemotherapy is a technique in which the chemicals are used to kill the cancer cells growing in any site of the body.
In this, the use of X-ray and electrons are used to treat the cancerous site of the body only.
Hormone therapy is used to stop or reduce the growth of these tumors by blocking the body’s ability to produce hormones or by interfering with the action of hormones. It is generally used for breast, prostate and endometrium cancer correctly.
Cancer surgery is when the cancerous tumour and nearby cells are removed to stop the growth of cancer from the site. The cancer treatment specialist who performs this surgery is known as Surgical oncologist.
To diagnose the patient with cervical cancer, your cancer treatment specialist will ask you to submit pap smear test reports. It is a procedure to detect the cancerous cells if present in the cervix.
This test is performed to diagnose breast cancer. It helps in diagnosing the lumps and other symptoms present in the breast.
In the case of chemotherapy, there as chances of hair loss as it is a chemical procedure.

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